Sunday, 10 July 2011

Basic Sock Pattern 1

This is one of my basic sock knitting patterns, it has a heel flap and turned heel, gusset and a round toe.  Very comfortable to wear.  I find that it works well with a plain yarn, or a self striping yarn.


Materials:

100 g of 4 ply sock yarn
2.75mm set of 5 double pointed needles (dpn's)
3.25mm double pointed needle for casting on
tapestry needle

Abbreviations:  

k - knit;  p - purl;  ssk - slip, slip, knit;  p2tog - purl 2 sts together;  sl 1 - slip 1 stitch;  st - stitch; 

Cuff and Leg

Cast on 60 sts using the 3.25mm needle.  (I always use a larger needle to cast on).
On the first row using 2.75mm needles, divide over 4 needles, 15 sts on each.  Join into a circle, being careful not to twist the stitches.
Work 14 rounds of k1, p1 rib.
K 42 rounds (or as long as you want your sock to be).

Heel Flap

Preparation - place the sts from needles 1 and 2 onto one needle (30 sts) then, 

Row 1:  k2, (sl 1, p1, across to last two sts), k2, turn
Row 2:  k, turn

Rep these two rows a total of 16 times (32 rows)

Turn Heel:

Row 1:  p17, p2tog, p1, turn
Row 2:  sl 1, k5, ssk, k1, turn
Row 3:  sl 1, p6, p2tog, p1, turn
Row 4:  sl 1, k7, ssk, k1, turn
Row 5:  sl 1, p8, p2tog, p1, turn
Row 6:  sl 1, k9, ssk, k1, turn
Row 7:  sl 1, p10, p2tog, p1, turn
Row 8:  sl 1, k11, ssk, k1, turn
Row 9:  sl 1, p12, p2tog, p1, turn
Row 10:  sl 1, k13, ssk, k1, turn
Row 11:  sl 1, p14, p2tog, p1, turn
Row 12:  k16, ssk, k1  (18 sts)

Instep:

Pick up and knit 17 sts along side of heel flap, k30 sts across the top of the sock (needles 2 and 3), pick up  and knit 17 sts along side of heel flap, then k9 across sole (bottom of sock).  

(Needle 1:  26 sts, Needle 2:  15 sts, Needle 3:  15 sts, Needle 4:  26 sts)

K 2 rounds (starting and ending at the centre bottom of sock).  On the first round k into back of each of the 17 picked up and knitted sts as this creates a twist in the st and stops any little gaps forming).

Gusset Decreases:

Round 1:  k to 3 sts before end of needle 1, k2tog, k 1, k30 sts across needles 2 & 3, k1, ssk, k to end of needle 4.
Round 2:  k

Rep these rounds until there are 15 sts on each needle.

Foot:

(For UK size 5 or 6, European size 38 or 39)

Work 42 rounds.

Round Toe:  Evenly spread decreases during the decrease round.

Round 1:  k4, (k2tog, k5) 8 times.
K 2 rounds
Round 4:  k4, (k2tog, k4) 8 times.
K 2 rounds
Round 7:  k4, (k2tog, k3) 8 times.
K 2 rounds
Round 10:  (k2, k2tog) 9 times
K 2 rounds
Round 13:  (k1, k2tog) 9 times
K 1 round
Round 15:  k2tog to end (9 sts)

Finishing:
Cut yarn, leaving a 12" (30 cm) tail.  Thread the tail onto the tapestry needle and draw it through the remaining sts.  Tighten and fasten off.  Weave in ends.



10 comments:

  1. After the Heel Flap you still have 30 on both needle 1 and 2. How does that work with the Turn Heel 1st row P17, p2tog, p1 equils 20 sts?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Jenny

    After you finish knitting the heel flap, it is necessary to do some shaping so that the heel will be comfortable to wear. The shaping is done by working short rows.

    The first shaping row is row 1: p17, p2tog, p1, turn. This means you have worked across 20 sts of the 30 sts. (10 stitches left unworked on the needle). Turn means that you will then be working across some of the 20 sts that you have just knitted on Row 1.

    On row 2 you will slip the first stitch (that is the last stitch that you knit on Row 1), then you knit 5 sts, ssk, then k1 (10 stitches left unworked on the needle). Then you turn your work to start row 3. So for Row 2 you were working on the central 9 sts of the heel.

    Row 3: sl 1, p6, p2tog, p1, turn (8 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 4: sl 1, k7, ssk, k1, turn (8 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 5: sl 1, p8, p2tog, p1, turn (6 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 6: sl 1, k9, ssk, k1, turn (6 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 7: sl 1, p10, p2tog, p1, turn (4 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 8: sl 1, k11, ssk, k1, turn (4 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 9: sl 1, p12, p2tog, p1, turn (2 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 10: sl 1, k13, ssk, k1, turn (2 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 11: sl 1, p14, p2tog, p1, turn (reach the edge of the heel shaping)
    Row 12: k16, ssk, k1 (18 sts) (completed the heel shaping)

    I hope that I have helped to explain the turning of the heel. I have knit this heel so many times, it is one of the most comfortable heels to wear. If you have any other questions about the pattern, please leave me another comment.

    I hope you enjoy knitting the pattern.

    Best wishes Nikki

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks so much for writing me back. I am still having a little trouble, I am sorry. I tried to do this step doing a row then turning but for some reason it did not work they way you said. I was not leaving the correct number of unworked sts on the needle. And at some points I had three needles working this heel. Then when I got to row 9 I ran out of sts on one side and had 10 left on one needle. Also this side veered off as a triangle. Clearly I am doing something wrong. How many needles are you using during this step? I am sorry if this is so confusing. Hope you can help!
    - Jenny

    ReplyDelete
  4. Ok so I thought about it a little more and just used the two needles to start this step. It started working out great and I even had the correct sts left unworked. That was until Row 5 were I ended up with 8 sts left. I have taken it out and re-done it twice. Not sure if there is an error in the count. Sorry again for the confusion.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi Jenny, I have knit this sock heel at least 40 times so I know it works. I knit the heel flap and heel turning part just to make sure that my numbers were correct and that I hadn't done a typo. I love knitting socks and all of the socks I wear are hand knitted now. So warm and comfortable.

    After you finish knitting the leg part of the sock, 15 stitches on each of 4 needles, using the last needle (with 15 sts on it) knit across the next 15 stitches so you have 30 sts on it, and 15 sts on each of the other 2 needles. Then you are set up to start working the heel flap using the 30 sts. You will now be working in rows, knitting to and fro, for the heel flap and the heel shaping. So during this part of the sock, you will be using two of your needles.

    Next turn and work the heel flap.

    Row 1: k2, (sl 1, p1, across to last two sts), k2, turn
    Row 2: k, turn

    Repeat these two rows 16 times ending on the knit row. On the next row (a purl row) you will start turning the heel.

    Row 1: p17, p2tog, p1, turn. (10 stitches left unworked on the needle).
    Row 2: slip the first stitch, then knit 5 sts, ssk, then k1 (10 stitches left unworked on the needle).
    Row 3: slip 1, purl until 1 stitch remains before the 'gap" (6 sts for the first time you do this), p2tog combining the stitch before the gap with the stitch after the gap), k1, turn. (8 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 4: Slip 1, knit until 1 stitch remains before the gap, ssk, k1, turn (8 stitches left unworked on the needle)

    Continue working in this way (working Row 5 to Row 12 below) until you have 18 sts on the needle,

    Row 5: sl 1, p8, p2tog, p1, turn (6 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 6: sl 1, k9, ssk, k1, turn (6 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 7: sl 1, p10, p2tog, p1, turn (4 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 8: sl 1, k11, ssk, k1, turn (4 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 9: sl 1, p12, p2tog, p1, turn (2 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 10: sl 1, k13, ssk, k1, turn (2 stitches left unworked on the needle)
    Row 11: sl 1, p14, p2tog, p1, turn (reach the edge of the heel shaping)
    Row 12: k16, ssk, k1 (18 sts) (completed the heel shaping)

    After the heel shaping is finished you will begin working in the round again.

    I hope this is helpful.

    Best wishes, Nikki

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi Jenny, Also, with Row 5, when you ended up with the wrong number of stitches on the needle, had you remembered to k1 stitch after the ssk before you turned to start Row 5?
    Best wishes, Nikki

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thank you for your help. I figured out my error. I was doing the ssk sts wrong, but realized my error because decreases were only wrong on the even rows. So I got through that part! Now I am ready to work on the toe part but want to make sure I am reading it right. For instance on round 1 am I suppose to just repeat the k2tog, k5 8 times or the whole part?

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thanks for the great pattern the socks worked out great!

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thank you so much for letting me know your progress Jenny. You gave me an idea though, and I am at the moment writing a post on How to Knit a Sock from the Cuff to the Toe. I am taking copious notes and and photographs as the sock progresses. It was really interesting to read your questions and think about the answers. Your efforts have been much appreciated and I hope you enjoy wearing your new socks.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hey Nikki, what size foot does this sock fit? I'm trying to make socks for my husband and he has a rather large foot, 10 1/2 in mens. How do I adjust this pattern to fit his foot?

    ReplyDelete